Young Omaha, War Eagle, Little Missouri, and Pawnees. 182l. by Charles Bird King
Dover Publications, Inc. Mineola, New York. 120 Paintings of the Great American West.
"These Plains Indian Chiefs were among many Indians who traveled to Washington to meet with the president to negotiate their territorial rights with the government. At the White House, the Capital, and in private homes, policymakers employed bribery, dazzle (wonder what the dazzle was), and intimidation to win the cooperation of these men. Charles Bird King painted these portraits in his studio, creating a gallery of allies in the governments plan to settle the Indian question peacefully."
War Eagle is wearing a presidential peace medal, valued by the Native Americans as a sign of status and worn on all formal occasions. But note the war ax, the face paint, and feathers, depicting the Indians as savages which underlined the impression of them as savages.
One Englishman who viewed the exhibit, saw them this way, "men of large stature, very muscular, having fine open countenances, the the real Roman nose, dignified in their manners, and peaceful and quiet in their habits."
( James Monroe was president, during 1821, so I assume his face is on the medal that War Eagle is wearing, hard to tell though) James Monroe felt that the Indians could be assimilated to become agricultural peoples.
(material for this blog was from the Smithsonian American Art Site, although Wikipedia has similar comments) http:/americanart.si.edu/collections